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Satire In Oscar Wilde's Play "The Importance Of Being Earnest"
Wisam Basim Tawfeeq Al-Sabti
DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.8410121

This research first explores the concept of satire, its origin, purposes and types. It deals with Oscar Wilde' play " The Importance of Being Earnest" which is regarded as the farcical Victorian play in the sense that it satirizes the rigid norms of the English society in the Victorian Period. In this paper, the Victorian era is shown as the age of aristocracy, vanity, hypocrisy, depression, strictness and many other norms which are detected in various literary works, one of them is Wilde's farcical play. The Importance of Being Earnest is a satirist play. Satire , as a concept, is a literary means that tends to criticize and ridicule the faults, abuses, stupidity and follies of either individual or an entire society. The reason behind this satire not to defame it, but to reform it. Thus, this paper points out that Wilde, as one of the great satirists, develops satire in his trivial comedy for serious people to attack and reform the shallowness of the Victorian society. That's to say the research implies to reveal the different ways in which the playwright utilizes the play as a device to ridicule the social conventions of the English society of the Victorian Age, especially hypocrisy, vanity, marriage, wealth and class.

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